What you need to know about Varicose Veins
Also known as varicoses or varicosities, varicose veins are usually seen on a person’s lower leg. It has a bluish-purple or red color and appears swollen because it bulges out of a person’s skin. When the veins are inflamed, it can cause pain in the affected limb due to hindered blood circulation. Varicose veins are a common condition. However, women are more likely to develop them compared to men.
Symptoms of Varicose Veins
- Dark purple or blue colored veins
- Veins that are twisted and bulging
- Aching legs
Other times, varicose veins can be accompanied by painful signs and symptoms. It may include the following:
- A heavy or numb feeling in your legs
- Muscle cramps and swelling
- Bleeding from the varicose veins
- Itching around the veins
- Worsened pain in the legs after sitting or standing for a long time
- A painful cord-like vein with red discoloration
If you are also experiencing an inflammation of the skin or skin ulcers near the ankle, this can be an early indication of a more serious form of vascular disease that needs medical attention.
What Causes Varicose Veins
Our veins are one-way valves that help circulate oxygen-rich blood to all parts of our body. When these valves do not work properly, it causes blood to flow backwards, accumulating within the vein rather than continuing towards the heart. As the blood collects, the veins become enlarged which then produces varicose veins.
Veins that are most commonly affected are those farthest from the heart, such as those located in the legs; The reason for this is due to the effect of gravity on the blood. Aside from the legs, varicose veins may also appear around the abdomen. Conditions that put pressure or strain on the body such as pregnancy, constipation, and tumors are big contributing factors in the formation of varicose veins.
Treatment for Varicose Veins
Some doctors may advise their patients to make lifestyle changes such as maintaining a healthy weight or doing regular exercises to improve blood circulation. However, if the change in routine still doesn’t alleviate the condition and it’s already causing a lot of pain, then it may be more reasonable to undergo minimally invasive surgical procedures for varicose veins removal.
There are currently a wide variety of surgical treatment options for varicose veins. Here at Montemayor Laser and Advanced Vein Care, we offer the following minimally invasive procedures:
Endovenous Laser Treatment
With the use of a small laser and a catheter inserted through the vein, the instrument is threaded at the top of the target area. It delivers short energy bursts that heat up the vein to seal it shut. This procedure is done under local anesthetic.
Duplex Ultra Sound Guided Sclerotherapy
This minimally invasive technique allows us to inject the sclerosant through a catheter. – This is then guided to the affected vein with the aid of a duplex ultrasound. This treatment can also be used for larger varicose veins.
Clarivein (MechanicO-Chemical Ablation or MOCA)
This procedure uses a small catheter or tube which is inserted in the main varicose vein. A small and very thin wire at the end of the catheter spins around from the inside of the vein, causing a bruise in the lining of the vein. A sclerosant is then infused into it and afterwards the catheter is slowly withdrawn.
Venaseal (Cyanoacrylate Glue)
Venaseal is the only procedure that uses a proprietary medical adhesive delivered endovenously to close the vein. Aside from Venaseal being safe and effective, another advantage is that it eliminates the risk of nerve injury when treating the vein. Also, the treatment is done without tumescent anesthesia which avoids discomfort caused by multiple needle sticks.
Usually preferred for larger varicose veins, Radiofrequency Ablation is a minimally invasive procedure that uses a probe inserted into a catheter. This emits radiofrequency energy that heats up the veins causing its walls to collapse. The treatment effectively closes the scar and seals it shut. This is also done using local anesthetic.
Whether it is for cosmetic purposes or due to pain and other complications, it is important for you to discuss the different treatment options for varicose veins removal with your doctor. Here at Montemayor Laser and Advanced Vein Care, we try our best to provide the best medical service to our patients suffering from vascular conditions. If you have further inquiries and questions, you can visit our Varicose Vein Doctor, Dr. Paul Montemayor, or call us at 706 0507 today.